Eye Infection Conjunctivitis

It appears that you are referring to conjunctivitis, commonly known as “pink eye.” Conjunctivitis is an eye infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the thin, clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelids. It can be caused by various factors, including viruses, bacteria, allergies, and irritants.

The main symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  1. Redness of the eye(s)
  2. Itching or irritation
  3. Watery or discharge from the eye(s)
  4. Swelling of the eyelids
  5. Sensitivity to light
  6. A feeling of grittiness or foreign body sensation in the eye(s)

There are three main types of conjunctivitis:

  1. Viral conjunctivitis: Caused by a virus, it is highly contagious and can spread easily from person to person. It is often associated with cold-like symptoms.
  2. Bacterial conjunctivitis: Caused by bacterial infection, it can also be contagious and may result in more significant eye discharge, which can be thick and yellow or green in color.
  3. Allergic conjunctivitis: Triggered by allergens like pollen, dust, or pet dander, it is not contagious but can cause significant itching and discomfort.

Conjunctivitis can be diagnosed by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) based on the symptoms and an examination of the eyes. Treatment depends on the cause:

  • Viral conjunctivitis usually resolves on its own within 1-2 weeks, but supportive care with artificial tears and cold compresses can help relieve symptoms.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis may require antibiotic eye drops or ointments to clear the infection.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis can be managed with antihistamine eye drops or oral medications to reduce inflammation and control symptoms.

If you suspect you have conjunctivitis, it’s essential to see an eye care professional for proper evaluation and treatment, as some forms of conjunctivitis can be highly contagious and may require specific precautions to prevent spreading to others. Additionally, avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, practice good hand hygiene, and avoid sharing personal items like towels or pillowcases with others.

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